Tag Archives: gut brain axis

Auto-Immunity and the GUT. A special Thanks to All of our Veterans Today!

I just wanted to start this week and say a special THANK you to all our veterans out there.  Since today is veterans day, we truly thank you for your services and the sacrifices you have made.  We see you, and we appreciate you.


Last week we went over Autoimmunity starting in the brain.  How the intricacy of the brain and the immune system work hand in hand. If you missed last week check it out, some pretty cool research on the subject was discussed.

Autoimmunity now affects 50 million Americans, whereas Alzheimers is now included (also called type 3 diabetes because of sugar in the brain). 5.4 million Americans alone has Alzheimer’s, but the entire body is affected and you really have to have a holistic approach when dealing with autoimmunity.  We know that the gut in particular influences the entire body.

Where does Auto-Immunity Begin?

  • It can form in utero and at birth, depending on the health of the mother (their diet and gut), if the child was c-section or if vaccines were administered
  • Antibiotics (whether from pharmaceutical use) or from FOOD sources
  • Brain dys-regulation (last week’s topic)
  • Heavy metals and chemicals
  • Infections
  • Food sources
There is new understandings of the gut being formed every single year.  It is not only just probiotics that are essential for proper gut function, but a new therapeutic model that is needed to address it’s complexity.

Most of us know by now that gut health=immune health.  The gut is where a good majority if not all of our bacteria in our body resides.  70-80% of our immunity lies within the digestive system.  So, it makes sense that improper digestion can lead to a compromised immune system.

In fact, our first line of defense is our stomach acid which we’ve talked about previously helps create a barrier for invaders by killing whatever comes in the path and can’t stand acidity. In a recent study done with Stanford University, it was shown that the risk of heart attack in people routinely taking acid-blocking drugs increase 14% and the risk of dying DOUBLED. 

Our intestines are inside our body, so we often don’t think of them forming a protective barrier between our bloodstream and the external world, but thats exactly what it does.

So, not only is it protective but as mentioned a moment ago it is home to all the good bacteria within our body called the microbiome.  Given the intimate interplay between gut microbiota and the immune system, it is not surprising that some members of the gut microbiota have been linked to autoimmune diseases. Significant attention has been focused on the role of gut microbiota in GI-related autoimmune diseases.
However, recent studies have also unraveled the effects of gut microbiota in extraintestinal diseases.

“studies that show how changing in a single microbial species and/or global commensal communities can alter the outcome of autoimmune diseases by tipping the balance between a pathological or protective immune response”

There’s also such thing as the gut/brain axis.  So gut health will equal brain health and vice versa.  Since 90% of the serotonin in our body is synthesized in the gut it’s also so closely connected to one another.


So, now that we know digestion is a big player in autoimmunity, what causes the disruption, and how do we fix it?

I’m SO GLAD you asked! 😉

Anything that causes a disruption in that gut microbiome is going to be a huge player in the immune system going haywire. 

Microbiome Disruptors

1.  A big one we know is antibiotics.  The overuse over the years and disregard for it’s systemic effect has led to many gut issues.  Antibiotics wipe out all the bad (yes) but also commensal good bacteria, leaving our immune system compromised.  Antibiotics are also rampant in our meat in factory farms.  Antibiotics fatten the animals, so they get more money off of them.  But we literally ingest those antibiotics, so it’s important to eat grass fed meat if you eat meat.  Antibiotics are also found in vaccines.

2. Chemicals/Metals.  It turns out that many chemicals can transgress the blood-brain barrier and these chemicals that mediate inflammation can do so.  Heavy metals also cause a huge immune system requirement all the time, so they constantly deplete the immune system.  Where are these materials found?
The better question is where AREN’T they found.  Anything non organic and GMO is loaded with chemicals.  Cleaning products, beauty products, birth control… all chemicals.  The worse being injected straight in and bypasses our immune system going directly into the blood and brain (vaccines).  The adjuvants in vaccines like aluminum, polysorbate 80, formaldehyde, mercury, antibiotics, aborted fetal tissue are put in vaccines to create a greater immune response but come at a cost to us, causing a negative autoimmune response.

Mercury in amalgam fillings must be addressed and removed safely.  It’s rampant in many farmed fish as well as canned fish.  Chlorine is found in most of our water, coating us in the shower every time we take one.  It’s really just everywhere, meaning we need to make sure we do the best to control our own environments. 

3. Infections.  Infections in the gut and mouth are the two main culprits for microbiome imbalance. ANY autoimmune condition has hidden infections.  I talk about this constantly.  Like IBS/IBD usually being caused from ameoba and protozoal infections and crohns having mycoplasma infections visible.  MS from epstein barr virus, and hashimotos from EBV, protozoal, yeast and H. Pylori. 

Mold is also a pretty big one.  Toxic mold inhalation is very commonly seen in my practice.  The dried spore coatings causes autoimmune disorders and the immune system itself can also attack mold within the brain.

The problem is increased intestinal permeability=a leaky gut.  A leaky gut interrupts the body’s immune system to regulate itself, and puts the body in constant attack mode.

4. Food.  Already talked about antibiotics in food and chemicals in food.  But also a big huge autoimmune food is gluten.  Gluten is foreign to our bodies.  It de-stabilizes the gut lining.  Anyone with autoimmunity should AVOID gluten. When we get rid of gluten, we are reducing inflammation that has a huge role to play in terms of balancing the immune system. Gluten causes an immune reaction called molecular mimicry, which triggers autoimmunity and causes the body to attack itself.

5.  Stress.  More on this topic next week.
6.  EMF’s.  More next week.

What do we do??

Well, first of all as with anyone in this phase is dealing with the diet.  What are you eating and most importantly where are you getting it from?  Taking out all the exogenous exposures like cleaning supplies, beauty products, ect.  Eliminate gluten.  Don’t just move to all the “gluten free” options.  Those can be just as bad with a TON of dead carbs.  Switch to whole organic foods. 

Do a gut reconditioning protocol with your natural doctor like myself and heal the leaky gut.

This includes clearing out hidden pathogens, and restoring the upper and lower digestion systems. 

Decrease EMF usage and decrease stress.

Don’t vaccinate.  It’s a money ploy and a nasty one.  More and more research is coming out daily how harmful these are to our immune system.  It’s the adjuvants in them, not the diseases themselves that are the problems.

For kids: Create healthy microbiota, mitochondrial support as needed like coQ10, glutathione, and don’t vaccinate or really stagger them and give support every time.

Adults:  Also work on not only replenishing the good bacteria but also replenishing the soil as to where the bacteria live.  Consuming good prebiotics in your food like Jimaca, dandelion greens, garlic, onions, chicory and artichokes are like giving fertilizer to your good bacteria .  

If you’ve ever been on antibiotics you MUST also replenish the good bacteria.  Fermented foods, kefir, key organisms like: lactobacillus acidophilus, lactobacillus plantarum, bifidobacterium longum and lactobacillus rhamnosus are a must.  

Colon hydrotherapy and coffee enemas are a must.  This is my go-to for getting stubborn infections in the gut out, as well as detoxing the body.  It’s just a must in our toxic world.  If you aren’t going number 2 at least twice per day, you are constipated and toxic!

When your digestion is working at its best, your immune system will too.  Then autoimmunity will have no way to form!


ON the spotlight this week is Cinnamon!! Who doesn’t love cinnamon especially this time of year!!

Cinnamon essential oil has been used as an anti-inflammatory and local anesthetic for many years. It is very therapeutic and if used in the right dilution, can be an effective essential oil for acne, chronic pain and inflammation. Combine Cinnamon and Clove Bud at 0.6% dilution in your favorite carrier oil to help with chronic pain. Cinnamon Leaf is also a great oil to ease the symptoms of cold and flu. Diffuse in the air to help combat a sickness.


If don’t have an account or are interested let me know!




Since garlic and artichokes are great pre-biotics to help our good bacteria grow, try out this combo to get the best of both worlds!

Garlic & Artichoke Hummus {AIP}


14 oz / 396 g quarted artichokes in brine OR 8.5 oz / 140 g thawed, drained frozen artichoke hearts (see notes)
1 clove garlic
1/4 cup / 60 ml olive or avocado oil
2 tbsp / 30 ml fresh lemon juice
DRAIN: Carefully drain the artichoke quarters, pressing down on them firmly to get rid of as much liquid as possible – this will stop the hummus from being watery instead of creamy. Smash the garlic clove with the back of a knife and peel off & discard the skin.
CHOP: Add the drained artichoke hearts and peeled garlic to a mini food processor or similar and pulse until they are roughly chopped. Scrape down the sides.
BLEND: Add the avocado oil and lemon juice, then process until the hummus is thoroughly combined and creamy. This is a perfect dip, drizzled with extra virgin olive oil just before serving!
If you want to purchase artichoke hearts without corn derived citric acid as a preservative, Trader Joe’s has bags of citric acid free frozen artichoke hearts.

Did you make this recipe?
Tag @meatified on Instagram and hashtag it #meatified

Stress it’s what’s for dinner.   What is STRESSING out your digestion?

Happy Monday Everyone!  This month has been topics all about digestion.. Have you enjoyed it?  We’ve gone over the gut/brain axis, stomach dysfunction, diet, infections,  toxins, the gallbladder and much more!  Well, what’s left you say?

Well, we would miss a part of the picture if we didn’t look at the emotional systems effect in our digestion.  As well as another “stressor” that inhibits digestion.

All of the healing arts’ schools recognize the importance of emotions in health, and health care practitioners (regardless if they are body-oriented or mind-oriented), deal – expertly or not – with patients’ emotions and realize the consequences of aberrant emotional stress.

In chiropractic, we are taught that “subluxations” or areas within the spine or cranial system that aren’t moving correctly create nervous system dysfunction.  We are taught these subluxations are caused by either: Thoughts, Trauma or Toxins.

We all know that stress can affect us in many ways.  Make us tired, worn out, body pains, hair fall out, hormones disrupted.  But what about digestion?

Well.. Have you ever heard of the phrase I got “butterflies in my stomach” when I was nervous?

I’m sure we all have at some point.

That is because the emotion of anxiety, is held in the stomach.

“Emotions are based on minute proteins in the body called Information Substances (IS). These IS are comprised of neuropeptides, hormones and other specialized information molecules that permeate the entire body, including our DNA.

This dynamic has been scientifically validated in research. Chiropractors know first hand about physiology influencing emotion via many examples of PMS sufferers. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for over 2,000 years has embraced a mind/body model. It is only in the west that man (via Descartes) semantically split the organism into a mind and a body. This philosophical construct held up for nearly 300 years before being discarded (at least in most neuroscientific circles) in the 1980s.”

There is also the principle of emotions correlating with what are called meridians in the body. This is a 1,500 to 4,000-year-old principle. It is an acupuncture theory, known as the Five Element Law that has been clinically validated for over 1,500 years, linking specific emotions to specific meridians. An example is the link between ‘Anger’ and the Liver meridian.

So, we know there’s a connection between emotions and different organs, but what causes dysfunction in these systems?
We know that stress in itself isn’t always BAD.  It is vital for us to have healthy levels of stress to survive. Humans are conditioned — sometimes by one event (this is termed a one-time trial). While conditioning is normal under most situations, so is the physiological counterpart of the fading away or elimination of a conditioned response (called ‘extinction’).
Simply, sometimes normal extinction does not take place, and chronic abnormal dysfunction starts to occur.You see, we talked about the mind/gut connection on our first topic.  We talked about how the GUT actually has the MOST serotonin production in our body.  So we know we have to heal our gut to heal our mind.  But emotional stress when chronic over time, can also shut down our digestion. 

For instance, chronic stress starts to alkalize our stomach acid, which means more bugs get through our stomach, and more digestion problems.  Also food won’t be properly broken down, so inflammation in the digestive tract can also occur.

In an unhealthy organism,  emotions can cause psychosomatic and somatopsychic problems. This is not a ‘mental’ condition, but rather a whole mind/body relational problem.

So emotional stress is REAL, and can cause REAL dysfunction.  Sometimes we don’t always know what we are stressed or blocked about, and other times we do.  

I like using NET (neuro emotional technique) in my office to narrow down what that stressor might be that might be affecting the body function. It uses neuro-mechanisms of manual muscle testing (the type of muscle testing used is akin to, but not the same as, Applied Kinesiology as developed by George Goodheart), emotions, acupuncture meridian system, reflex points, principles of traditional physiology (such as conditioning), case history taking and chiropractic adjustments to the spine.

From my experience, all the coping mechanisms for stress in the world don’t compare to the power that NET can help a patient overcome. 99% of our thoughts are subconscious, so knowing what those are through this technique is so helpful to narrow down. But, here are some other tips:

  • Essential oils are always great tools to use when feelings of stress arise, or to protect against stressful environments.  I only recommend high quality for this effect like those from DoTerra which have been thoroughly researched.
  • Some use exercise as a stress relief, which is great, just don’t overdue it!  Meaning don’t make it a stress, but use it as a health tool.  You don’t need to work out super hardcore three hours a day.  Trust me.
  • Stabilizing your diet with higher fats and lower carbs and normalizing hormones will make stress responses easier.  Usually when we are stressed we either don’t eat or eat the WRONG things for our body.  Simplify your life by not buying things that will tempt you, and meal plan for the week to take the stress out of it.  Sometimes getting meal prep services are OKAY and needed.
  • Get out in nature
  • Let go of things that don’t serve you.
  • Try to focus on one thing at a time.  Multitasking doesn’t work, and can make things more stressful.  The most successful people out there focus on one big thing at a time.

Other digestion Stressors.

Last month we talked about EMF’s or electromagnetic frequencies.
Here is a recap:

“EMF’s stand for Electromagnetic Frequencies.  EMF’s describe the energy that is coming out from an electromagnetic source. “Electromagnetic radiation can be beneficial, harmless or extremely dangerous to humans, depending on the source, level of radiation, and duration of exposure.There are both natural and man-made sources of electromagnetic radiation. The sun, for instance, is an intense source of natural radiation that can have both positive and negative effects on living things. The sun also produces both visible and invisible electromagnetic streams.Ultraviolet rays from the sun are invisible and cause sunburn and skin cancer if overexposure occurs.
A rainbow, however, is a visible and harmless part of the electromagnetic effect caused by the sun, as human eyes detect the visible wavelengths of light as different colors.”

Man-made sources of electromagnetic radiation include X-rays, Radio waves and microwaves.

“The power contained in electromagnetic radiation can be both helpful and destructive to humans. Overexposure to radiation, whether in an acute dose or a slow, continual intake, can quickly lead to illness and even a painful death. However, as electromagnetic radiation is also a natural part of the human environment, exposure to some radiation is unavoidable.

Every year there are more cell phone towers, Wi-Fi networks, “Smart” meters, and solar panel inverters. Soon California will mandate all new homes must have solar power, which means more EMF. Beyond this, there are millions of 5G antennas coming to your region, as part of the most powerful wireless network ever built.”

Mobile phone radiation.

Mobile phone radiation refers to radiation in the form of electromagnetic waves that is emitted from mobile phones. This type of radiation takes the form of radio waves that are near the microwave range. When we think of harmful radiation, things like X-rays or gamma rays usually come to mind, but these types of radiation are different from cell phone radiation. These are ionizing radiations and exposure to these are very harmful. Since cell phone radiation is non-ionizing, it is generally seen as being harmless in the short term.However long term exposure to this radiation also is proved to be very dangerous. Profound research has been made worldwide and it has been concluded by many that long term exposure to mobile phone radiation can lead to many chronic diseases like cancer.”

EMFs also have a big role in our digestion:
 Microbiome Disruption– Just as all cells—including those in our body, are electrical, the organisms in our microbiome are electrical, too. There is evidence to show that our microbiome is harmed by EMF.

These hidden dangers are becoming more and more of a problem more individuals.  Because we are getting sicker because of the frequencies allowing our systems to be dys-regulated and thus, infections enter.

Limit your exposure as much as possible!  More tips included here:

EMF’s, the hidden adrenal suppressors… and tips for exercise for adrenal fatigue.




Nuts, including almonds, cashews, and walnuts contain zinc, a mineral that plays a big role in modulating the way the brain and body respond to stress. They’re also a good source of stress-busting magnesium!  (Dark chocolate >72% is also high in magnesium, you’re welcome)

  • 2 cloves Garlic
  • 2 cups organic basil Leaves tightly packed ( Or 1 drop of Doterra Basil EO).
  • 1 cup organic cashews (soaked overnight or at least 4 hours, and drained)*
  • 1/4 tsp. Himalayan salt
  • 1/4 tsp black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice OR 1 drop Doterra lemon EO
  • 1/3 cup Olive Oil (or more, depending on the consistency you want)


  1. Put garlic in Vitamix or food processor and pulse until chopped.
  2. Next add basil, and pulse again until it is broken down into small pieces.
  3. Add cashews, lemon and salt/pepper, and process on low (1-2 on a Vitamix) so that the cashews are broken into tiny pieces, but still maintain a little texture. If using cashews that haven’t been soaked, you may want to process on a higher level to get a creamier consistency.
  4. Finally, with the motor running, drizzle in the olive oil until completely combined.
  5. Spoon into an airtight container.
  6. Can be used on pasta, as a dip, or in salad.

* You can add raw parmesan cheese as well if you want.  1/4 C.

Culprits of Digestion Dysfunction…

Happy Monday Everyone!  Two weeks ago we went over the first thing to look at with digestion issues which is the gut/brain axis and cranial tension. Last week, we went over the second thing we have to address in digestion issues which is the stomach and gut acidity.  That is, of course with a well balanced organic grain and dairy free diet.  🙂

Another source of digestion disturbance is gallbladder dysfunction.  We have many different digestion organs within our body, and no one organ is not needed.  We have seen over the years gallbladders being take out like candy.  “You don’t need this organ”.  Well, ACTUALLY you need every organ!  All the gallbladder in particular has SO many digestion roles.

Gallstones can be safely handled WITHOUT SURGERY? There are over 700,000 cholecystectomies done in the U.S. each year, costing over $6.5 billion, making it the largest digestive problem. 

A huge job is fat emulsification and absorption which is so VITAL!.  We know we need good fats, and we need a lot of it.  Was most commonly happens is the bile which the gallbladder makes to emulsify the fats gets thick, or backs up and causes gall stones.
How does this happen?

Well, one reason I see in my office all the time is that the gallbladder is spasmed.  It’s usually a stress/gut type reaction.  When this spasm happens, the ducts back up, and stones can begin to form over time.  It’s like a sympathetic response. ( we will go over next week the particulars in stress and its role in digestion disorders).

When this reflex is relaxed, usually the organ can regain it’s function and normalize.  Other individuals have thick bile and need help supplementation wise to help liquify it and detoxify the body.  Thick bile usually happens because of toxins and improper nutritional intake of food nutrients.

You see, when you get the gallbladder out, that doesn’t solve the problems.  What I see in my office is it makes things WORSE.  Sure, you might feel better in the acute stage, because gallstones and gallbladder back up is painful.  But what happens is, the nerves that innervate the organ are all still there.  The nerve pathways and signaling are also still present.

So, the dysfunctional pattern doesn’t stop.  You also don’t have a way to properly digest your fats.  What does this mean?

Well, for mostly all of my patients who have had this removed they are chronically constipated.  Sometimes going 1 to 2 times a week!
As you’ve read previously last week, going to the bathroom at least 2 times a day is healthy and SO important.  If you aren’t, they you are sooo toxic.

Others have chronic diarrhea.

But, your MD’s wont tell you that you need supplementation for the rest of your life because this organ has been removed.  But the reality is, you do.  Since fat is so important, we absolutely need to be able to use it!

Other problems with gallbladder removal:
-sphincter of odi dysfunction: (small intestine valve) which can lead to pancreatitis
-pancreatic cancer
-dyspepsia (stomach acid problems)
-common bile duct stones
-Postcholecystectomy Syndrome
-hormonal problems (menopausal women and cycling)
-Low back pain, hip pain.
**  I have seen numerous patients in my office that have had either hip or low back pain resolve once the gallbladder function is renewed and the colon is properly eliminated.

If you’ve had out your gallbladder, get help!  You need supplementation to get the nutrients you need.  If you have gallbladder symptoms and haven’t had it removed DON’T!  It will cause more problems than keeping it.  Work with a natural health care provider like myself and figure out why it is dysfunctional in the first place.  It’s not eating a low fat diet people.  Its all the bad carbs, sugars, processed foods, stress.

Other Culprits of Digestion Dysfunction:

Usually from poor diet, toxins, gut/brain axis dysfunction, antibiotics or low acidity levels, we then get little critters that LOVE to disrupt our digestion even more!

Let me say this.  ALL AUTOIMMUNE disorders start with gut dysfunction!  Let me say that again ALL AUTOIMMUNE disorders start with gut dysfunction!  Fix the digestion, heal the autoimmunity.  But, you have to know what is causing the dysfunction and that’s usually the hardest part nowadays with all I’ve mentioned above that can go wrong.

Probably the worst thing that’s happening with leaky gut is the effect on the brain and the autoimmune conditions it’s causing.

One big big problem we have now is yeast and fungal infections that are rampant.  A huge part because of all the antibiotics we and our parents have taken over the years.  Our good bacteria just aren’t affluent enough.  And of course our processed, carb laiden american diets don’t feed good bacteria by any means.

Not all yeast is bad, of course we need some yeast in our body.  But when things overgrow too much, then we have problems.

It can start even in infancy.  Heard of cradle cap?  This is a clear sign of biotin deficiency and a sign the baby has a yeast infection.

You see, the babies LOVE what their mother ate.  If mom ate like crap during pregnancy and had yeast problems baby will too.

Progesterone, estrogen and glucose go up in pregnancy as well, which feed yeast and makes infections grow.

Thursh is also really common in infants now which is an overgrowth of yeast.

OTC yeast prescriptions don’t work either to clear out yeast overgrowth.  You need to work with a natural health care provider because it can be a tricky thing.  Also, just cutting carbs forever won’t do the trick either.  But a HUGE leaky gut and digestion problem culprit is overgrowth of yeast.

** clinical note here.  Chronic yeast infections can also be protective if you have a lot of heavy metals, bacteria and toxins in your body.  Yeast will overgrow to help so the toxins don’t get into your blood.  Chronic yeast problems?? You need to clear out metals and toxins.

Other culprits.
Epstein Barr Virus is found in 95% of people.  In fact, individuals diagnosed with MS show a 98% positivity in EBV.

Crohns Disease is a chronic mycobacterium infection.

Protozoa is so common for many digestion problem dysfunctions, and also a lot of mood/attention disorders and brain dysfunction I find in many patients.

H. Pylori is so common in small intestine and stomach dysfunction.

I could go on, but pathogens are HUGE for digestion disruption.  But you can’t JUST kill bugs.  For some that is enough to normalize digestion.  Others, what I mentioned above has to take place first.  Also, if you aren’t going to the bathroom, then killing pathogens and clearing metals will be bad bad bad.  Have to get things going first so you can SAFELY eliminate them.

What about food allergies??

Yes, they happen and do exist.  But most “allergies” are not TRUE allergies.  It is because the body is inflamed.  Usually liver/gallbladder issues cause allergies to arise.  I see this all the time.  While working on digestion you will have to eliminate certain things, but if you are allergic to a lot of foods, you need to clean up the inflammation in the digestive organs.  Usually bugs, nervous system stress and toxins.

Blood allergy testing can be helpful for some to check if theres a major allergen to eliminate, but I don’t always recommend this unless needed.

Last but not least this week….

Huge digestion disruptors are also TOXINSSSS.  Heavy metals and toxins in our environment.  They are literally everywhere.  So we can’t be naive and not do daily things to help detoxify our body.  Almost everyone these days needs heavy metal clearing.  Between vaccines, beauty products, seafood contamination, water supply, fillings, and such it gets into us one way or another or through the womb.

You must address toxins if you want full digestion normalcy.

Next week we will go over stress and its role in digestion as well as how EMF’s cause digestion dysfunction.

Catch you then!


ON the spotlight this week is DoTerra’s  Grapefruit.  Grapefruit has many different uses from immune support, gallbladder support, decreasing mucus, increasing metabolism, antioxidant support and much more

DR Hamel will be at the GLOBAL DoTERRA convention this weekend!  Stay tuned on her facebook or instagram for updates!

Beets, Beets!  These are powerhouse veggies for gallbladder support!

Cholagogue-Rich Foods

“Cholagogue-rich foods support healthy gallbladder function and bile flow. The main cholagogues are:

  • Apples
  • Artichoke
  • Bitter Greens
  • Celery
  • Cinnamon
  • Fennel
  • Fenugreek
  • Ginger
  • Tumeric

Beet SmoothiesA blend of beet, celery and apple juice with cinnamon with breakfast daily is a great way to boost bile flow and support healthy gallbladder function.

Raw or Cooked Beets

Yes, beets again. Beets are important foods for the liver and function of the gallbladder. They can be raw, cooked, or grated into a salad. Studies show beets are rich in antioxidants that protect the liver and boost the production of beneficial liver enzymes, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione.

Beets have also been shown to attach to the bile and escort it, with all the gobbled-up (Pac-Man’d) toxins in tow, to the toilet. ”